concentration camp noun
: a type of prison where large numbers of people who are not soldiers are kept during a war and are usually forced to live in very bad conditions
: a camp where persons (as prisoners of war, political prisoners, or refugees) are detained or confined
First Known Use of CONCENTRATION CAMP
concentration camp noun (Concise Encyclopedia)
Internment centre established by a government to confine political prisoners or members of national or minority groups for reasons of state security, exploitation, or punishment. The prisoners are usually selected by executive decree or military order. Camps are usually built to house many people, typically in highly crowded conditions. Countries that have used such camps include Britain during the South African War, the Soviet Union (see Gulag), the U.S. (see Manzanar Relocation Center), and Japan, which interned Dutch civilians in the Dutch East Indies during World War II. A variation, called a reeducation camp, was used in Vietnam after 1975 and in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge. Most notorious were the death camps of Nazi Germany, including Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Buchenwald, Dachau, and Treblinka.
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