City (pop., 2007 est.: 310,243), northwestern Romania. Located in the Somesul Mic River valley on the site of an ancient town, Cluj took shape in the 12th century, became a thriving commercial and cultural centre, and in 1405 was declared a free town. It became the capital of Transylvania in the 16th century. In 1920 the city and Transylvania were incorporated into Romania. In 1974 Napoca was added to the city's name. It is home to a university and an institute of speleology (the study of caves).
Variants of CLUJ-NAPOCA
Cluj-Napoca German Klausenburg Hungarian Kolozsvár