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civil law

noun, often capitalized C&L

Simple Definition of civil law

  • : laws that deal with the rights of people rather than with crimes

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of civil law

  1. 1 :  Roman law especially as set forth in the Justinian code

  2. 2 :  the body of private law developed from Roman law and used in Louisiana and in many countries outside the English-speaking world

  3. 3 :  the law established by a nation or state for its own jurisdiction

  4. 4 :  the law of civil or private rights

14th Century

First Known Use of civil law

14th century


Law Dictionary

civil law

noun , often cap C&L

Legal Definition of civil law

  1. 1 :  Roman law especially as set forth in the Code of Justinian

  2. 2 :  the body of law developed from Roman law and used in Louisiana, in continental Europe, and in many other countries outside of the English-speaking world including especially those that were colonized by countries of continental Europe — compare common law Editor's note: Although Louisiana is the only state in the U.S. whose law is based entirely on civil law, remnants of civil law remain in other states (as Texas and California) in which countries of continental Europe had a strong influence.

  3. 3 :  the law established by a nation or state for its own jurisdiction

  4. 4 :  the law that applies to private rights especially as opposed to the law that applies to criminal matters — compare criminal law




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