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cilium

play
noun cil·i·um \ˈsi-lē-əm\

Definition of cilium

plural cilia play \-lē-ə\

  1. 1 :  a minute short hairlike process often forming part of a fringe; especially :  one on a cell that is capable of lashing movement and serves especially in free unicellular organisms to produce locomotion or in higher forms a current of fluid

  2. 2 :  eyelash



Origin of cilium

New Latin, from Latin, eyelid; akin to Latin celare to conceal — more at hell


First Known Use: 1794

Rhymes with cilium


CILIUM Defined for Kids

cilium

play
noun cil·i·um \ˈsi-lē-əm\

Definition of cilium for Students

plural cilia \ˈsi-lē-ə\

  1. :  a tiny hairlike structure on the surface of some cells




Medical Dictionary

cilium

play
noun cil·i·um \ˈsil-ē-əm\

Medical Definition of cilium

plural cilia \-ē-ə\play

  1. 1:  eyelash

  2. 2:  a minute, short, hairlike process that projects from the surface of most eukaryotic cells, is composed chiefly of microtubules, in unicellular organisms functions chiefly in locomotion, and in higher forms serves especially in the movement of fluids and particles (as the passage of mucus and dust from the lungs) and in sensory reception—see ciliopathy




Learn More about cilium

  1. Medical Dictionary: Definition of "cilium" Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about "cilium"


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