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: a serious disease that causes severe vomiting and diarrhea and that often results in death
Full Definition of CHOLERA
: any of several diseases of humans and domestic animals usually marked by severe gastrointestinal symptoms; especially: an acute diarrheal disease caused by an enterotoxin produced by a comma-shaped gram-negative bacillus (Vibrio cholerae syn. V. comma) when it is present in large numbers in the proximal part of the human small intestine
: any of several diseases of humans and domestic animals usually marked by severe gastrointestinal symptoms: as a: an acute diarrheal disease caused by an enterotoxin produced by various strains of a comma-shaped gram-negative bacterium of the genus Vibrio (V. cholerae synonym V. comma) when it is present in large numbers in the proximal part of the human small intestine—see asiatic cholerab:fowl cholerac:hog cholera
Acute bacterial infection with Vibrio cholerae, causing massive diarrhea with severe depletion of body fluids and salts. (Seebacterial disease.) Cholera often occurs in epidemics, spreading in contaminated water or food. The bacteria secrete a toxin that causes the diarrhea, which along with vomiting leads to dehydration, with severe muscle cramps and intense thirst. Stupor and coma may precede death by shock. With fluid and salt replacement, the disease passes in two to seven days, sooner if antibiotics are taken the first day. Prevention requires good sanitation, especially clean drinking water.