checks and balances noun plural
: a system in which the different parts of an organization (such as a government) have powers that affect and control the other parts so that no part can become too powerful
: a system that allows each branch of a government to amend or veto acts of another branch so as to prevent any one branch from exerting too much power
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Other Government and Politics Terms
checks and balances (Concise Encyclopedia)
Principle of government under which separate branches are empowered to prevent actions by other branches and are induced to share power. Checks and balances are applied primarily in constitutional governments. They are of fundamental importance in tripartite governments, such as that of the U.S., that separate powers among legislative, executive, and judicial departments. Checks and balances, which modify the separation of powers, may operate under parliamentary systems through exercise of a parliament's prerogative to adopt a no-confidence vote against a government; the government, or cabinet, in turn, ordinarily may dissolve the parliament. In one-party political systems, informal checks and balances may operate when organs of an authoritarian or totalitarian regime compete for power. See also Federalist papers; judicial review; separation of powers.
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