Simple Definition of chasten
: to cause (someone) to feel sad or embarrassed about something that has happened
Full Definition of chasten
chasteningplay \ˈchās-niŋ, ˈchā-sən-iŋ\
chastenerplay \ˈchās-nər, ˈchā-sən-ər\ noun
Examples of chasten in a sentence
<chastened the child with five minutes of sitting in the corner>
<the unexpected loss to a second-rate player really chastened the tournament's top-seeded tennis star>
Did You Know?
If you say you would "castigate" or "chastise" someone in order to "chasten" them, you demonstrate a good knowledge of the origin of "chasten" - all three verbs derive from the Latin verb castigare, meaning "to punish." The trio shares an initial sense of "to subject to severe and often physical punishment," but all three verbs are now as likely to refer to a verbal dressing-down as a physical lesson. "Chasten" (which arrived in English via Anglo-French chastier) can also be used to mean "to prune of excess, pretense, or falsity." This led to the more general sense of "to make more subdued," although the humility can be imposed by a humiliating situation as easily as by a strict taskmaster.
Origin and Etymology of chasten
alteration of obsolete English chaste to chasten, from Middle English, from Anglo-French chastier, from Latin castigare, from castus + -igare (from agere to drive) — more at act
First Known Use: 13th century
Synonym Discussion of chasten
CHASTEN Defined for Kids
Seen and Heard
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