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chasten

play
verb chas·ten \ˈchā-sən\

Simple Definition of chasten

  • : to cause (someone) to feel sad or embarrassed about something that has happened

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of chasten

chastened

chastening

play \ˈchās-niŋ, ˈchā-sən-iŋ\
  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 :  to correct by punishment or suffering :  discipline; also :  purify

  3. 2 a :  to prune (as a work or style of art) of excess, pretense, or falsity :  refine b :  to cause to be more humble or restrained :  subdue

chastener

play \ˈchās-nər, ˈchā-sən-ər\ noun

Examples of chasten in a sentence

  1. <chastened the child with five minutes of sitting in the corner>

  2. <the unexpected loss to a second-rate player really chastened the tournament's top-seeded tennis star>



Did You Know?

If you say you would "castigate" or "chastise" someone in order to "chasten" them, you demonstrate a good knowledge of the origin of "chasten" - all three verbs derive from the Latin verb castigare, meaning "to punish." The trio shares an initial sense of "to subject to severe and often physical punishment," but all three verbs are now as likely to refer to a verbal dressing-down as a physical lesson. "Chasten" (which arrived in English via Anglo-French chastier) can also be used to mean "to prune of excess, pretense, or falsity." This led to the more general sense of "to make more subdued," although the humility can be imposed by a humiliating situation as easily as by a strict taskmaster.

Origin and Etymology of chasten

alteration of obsolete English chaste to chasten, from Middle English, from Anglo-French chastier, from Latin castigare, from castus + -igare (from agere to drive) — more at act


First Known Use: 13th century

Synonym Discussion of chasten

punish, chastise, castigate, chasten, discipline, correct mean to inflict a penalty on in requital for wrongdoing. punish implies subjecting to a penalty for wrongdoing <punished for stealing>. chastise may apply to either the infliction of corporal punishment or to verbal censure or denunciation <chastised his son for neglecting his studies>. castigate usually implies a severe, typically public censure <an editorial castigating the entire city council>. chasten suggests any affliction or trial that leaves one humbled or subdued <chastened by a landslide election defeat>. discipline implies a punishing or chastening in order to bring under control <parents must discipline their children>. correct implies punishing aimed at reforming an offender <the function of prison is to correct the wrongdoer>.

Rhymes with chasten


CHASTEN Defined for Kids

chasten

play
verb chas·ten \ˈchā-sən\

Definition of chasten for Students

chastened

chastening

  1. :  to correct by punishment :  discipline





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