Chartism


Char·tism

noun \ˈchär-ˌti-zəm\

Definition of CHARTISM

:  the principles and practices of a body of 19th century English political reformers advocating better social and industrial conditions for the working classes
Char·tist \ˈchär-tist\ noun or adjective

Origin of CHARTISM

Medieval Latin charta charter, from Latin, document
First Known Use: 1839

Chartism

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

British working-class movement for parliamentary reform. It was named after the People's Charter, a bill drafted by William Lovett (1800–1877) in 1838 that demanded universal manhood suffrage, equal electoral districts, vote by ballot, annually elected Parliaments, payment of members of Parliament, and abolition of property qualifications for membership. Born amid an economic depression, the movement rose to national importance under the leadership of Feargus O'Connor. Parliament refused to take action on three Chartist petitions presented to it, and the movement declined after 1848.

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