noun \ˈsen-trə-ˌfyüj\

: a machine that uses centrifugal force to separate substances or parts of substances

Full Definition of CENTRIFUGE

:  a machine using centrifugal force for separating substances of different densities, for removing moisture, or for simulating gravitational effects


French, from centrifuge centrifugal, from New Latin centrifugus
First Known Use: 1887

Other Mechanical Engineering Terms

differential, flange, lathe, linchpin, pinion, plenum, ratchet, traction

Rhymes with CENTRIFUGE



Definition of CENTRIFUGE

transitive verb
:  to subject to centrifugal action especially in a centrifuge

First Known Use of CENTRIFUGE

circa 1895

Other Chemical Engineering Terms

alkali, cation, decant, hygroscopic, isotope, oxidize, slurry, solute, viscous


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Machine that applies a sustained centrifugal force. Effectively, the centrifuge substitutes a similar, stronger force for that of gravity. Every centrifuge contains a spinning vessel; there are many configurations, depending on use. A revolving object exerts a force away from the centre of rotation (see Newton's laws of motion), called the centrifugal force; it is usually stated as so many “times gravity” or so many “G,” and may range from a few G for the basket in a home washing machine or an industrial separator to hundreds of thousands of G for centrifuges to separate isotopes of uranium or to purify vaccines.


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