centrifugal force

centrifugal force


physics : a force that causes an object moving in a circular path to move out and away from the center of its path

Full Definition of CENTRIFUGAL FORCE

:  the apparent force that is felt by an object moving in a curved path that acts outwardly away from the center of rotation — compare centripetal force


circa 1721

centrifugal force

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Fictitious force, peculiar to circular motion, that is equal but opposite to the centripetal force that keeps a particle on a circular path (see centripetal acceleration). For example, a stone attached to a string and whirling in a horizontal circular path is accelerated toward the centre of its path by the tension in the string, the only force acting on the string. However, in a reference frame at rest with the stone, another force—the centrifugal force—must be introduced for Newton's laws of motion to apply. Centrifugal force is a useful concept in analyzing behaviour in rotating systems.


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