calypso


1ca·lyp·so

noun \kə-ˈlip-(ˌ)sō\

Definition of CALYPSO

1
capitalized :  a sea nymph in Homer's Odyssey who keeps Odysseus seven years on the island of Ogygia
2
plural calypsos [New Latin, genus name, probably from Latin] :  a bulbous bog orchid (Calypso bulbosa) of northern regions bearing a single white to purplish flower

Origin of CALYPSO

Latin, from Greek Kalypsō
First Known Use: 14th century

2calypso

noun
plural calypsos or calypsoes

Definition of CALYPSO

:  a style of music originating in the West Indies, marked by lively duple meter, and having lyrics that are often improvised and usually satirize local personalities and events; also :  a song in this style
ca·lyp·so·ni·an \kə-ˌlip-ˈsō-nē-ən, ˌka-(ˌ)lip-\ noun or adjective

Origin of CALYPSO

Trinidad English, alteration of kaiso, perhaps ultimately of Afr origin; akin to eastern Caribbean English caliso, cariso satirical song
First Known Use: 1900

calypso

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Musical style best known as a type of folk song. Calypso originated in Trinidad but is common throughout the Caribbean. The calypso tradition dates to the early 19th century. The subject of a calypso text, usually witty and satiric, is an event of political or social import. The lyric often incorporates Spanish, Creole, and African phrases, employing newly invented expressions such as bobol (graft) and pakoti (unfaithfulness). The exaggeration of local speech patterns is matched by an offbeat rhythm. Favourite accompanying instruments are the shak-shak (maraca), cuatro (a string instrument), and tamboo-bamboo (bamboo poles of various lengths struck on the ground). Shaped and tuned oil drums, played together in orchestras called steel bands, have also been popular.

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