Caddo


Cad·do

noun \ˈka-(ˌ)dō\
plural Caddo or Caddos

Definition of CADDO

1
:  a member of a group of American Indian peoples of Louisiana, Arkansas, and eastern Texas
2
:  the language of the Caddo peoples

Origin of CADDO

American French Cadaux, modification of American Spanish Cadojodacho, from Caddo kaduhdá·čuʔ, a Caddo tribe
First Known Use: 1805

Rhymes with CADDO

Caddo

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Incised redware cat effigy bowl, Caddoan from Louisiana; in the National Museum of the American …—Courtesy of the National Museum of the American Indian, New York City

One of a group of North American Indian people living mostly in western Oklahoma, U.S. Their language is of the Caddoan linguistic family. Their name derives from a French truncation of kadohadacho, meaning “real chief” in Caddo. From ancient times they occupied the lower Red River area in Louisiana and Arkansas, and many striking examples of prehistoric pottery and basketry have been found. They were a semisedentary agricultural people who lived in conical pole-and-thatch dwellings. In the 18th century, pressures from white settlers pushed many Caddo off their lands, a process that intensified with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. By 1835 the Caddo had ceded all their land to the U.S., and by 1859 most were living on reservations in Oklahoma. Caddo descendants numbered more than 4,000 in the early 21st century.

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