noun \ˈbərn\

Definition of BURN

:  creek 2

Origin of BURN

Middle English, from Old English; akin to Old High German brunno spring of water
First Known Use: before 12th century


verb \ˈbərn\

of a fire or flame : to give off heat, light, and gases

: to contain a fire

: to be on fire : to have or produce a flame

burned \ˈbərnd, ˈbərnt\ or burnt \ˈbərnt\ burn·ing

Full Definition of BURN

intransitive verb
a :  to consume fuel and give off heat, light, and gases <a small fire burns on the hearth>
b :  to undergo combustion; also :  to undergo nuclear fission or nuclear fusion
c :  to contain a fire <a little stove burning in the corner>
d :  to give off light :  shine, glow <a light burning in the window>
a :  to be hot <the burning sand>
b :  to produce or undergo discomfort or pain <ears burning from the cold>
c :  to become emotionally excited or agitated: as
(1) :  to yearn ardently <burning to tell the story> (2) :  to be or become very angry or disgusted <the remark made him burn>
a :  to undergo alteration or destruction by the action of fire or heat <the house burned down> <the potatoes burned to a crisp>
b :  to die in the electric chair
:  to force or make a way by or as if by burning <her words burned into his heart>
:  to suffer sunburn <she burns easily>
transitive verb
a :  to cause to undergo combustion; especially :  to destroy by fire <burned the trash>
b :  to use as fuel <this furnace burns gas>
c :  to use up :  consume <burn calories>
a :  to transform by exposure to heat or fire <burn clay to bricks>
b :  to produce by burning <burned a hole in his sleeve>
c :  to record digital data or music on (an optical disk) using a laser <burn a CD>; also :  to record (data or music) in this way <burn songs onto a disk>
a :  to injure or damage by or as if by exposure to fire, heat, or radiation :  scorch <burned his hand>
b :  to execute by burning <burned heretics at the stake>; also :  electrocute
a :  irritate, annoy —often used with up <really burns me up>
b :  to subject to misfortune, mistreatment, or deception —often used in passive <has been burned in love>
c :  to beat or score on <burned the defense with a touchdown pass>
burn·able \ˈbər-nə-bəl\ adjective
burn one's bridges also burn one's boats
:  to cut off all means of retreat
burn one's ears
:  to rebuke strongly
burn the candle at both ends
:  to use one's resources or energies to excess
burn the midnight oil
:  to work or study far into the night

Examples of BURN

  1. A flame is kept constantly burning at the monument.
  2. A small fire burned brightly in the fireplace.
  3. There was a little stove burning in the front room.
  4. I could smell smoke and knew that something was burning.
  5. Be sure not to leave any candles burning when you go to bed.
  6. I burned the letter when I had finished reading it.
  7. The new town law makes it illegal to burn trash.
  8. The wildfire has burned acres of forest.
  9. Parts of the house were badly burned in the fire.
  10. a material that burns easily

Origin of BURN

Middle English birnen, from Old English byrnan, v.i., bærnan, v.t.; akin to Old High German brinnan to burn
First Known Use: before 12th century



Definition of BURN

:  an act, process, instance, or result of burning: as
a :  injury or damage resulting from exposure to fire, heat, caustics, electricity, or certain radiations
b :  a burned area <a burn on the tabletop>
c :  an abrasion (as of the skin) having the appearance of a burn <rope burns>
d :  a burning sensation <the burn of iodine on a cut>
:  the firing of a rocket engine in flight
:  anger; especially :  increasing fury —used chiefly in the phrase slow burn

First Known Use of BURN



noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Damage caused to the body by contact with flames, hot substances, some chemicals, radiation (including sunlight), or electricity. Burns are classified by depth of skin damage and by percentage of skin damaged. First-degree burns injure only the epidermis (top layer), with redness, pain, and minimal edema. In a second-degree burn, damage extends into the dermis (inner layer), with redness and blisters. Third-degree burns destroy the entire thickness of the skin. There is no pain, because the skin's pain receptors are destroyed. Burns deeper than the skin can release toxic materials into the bloodstream and may require amputation. Secondary shock follows severe burns, caused by loss of fluid both in the destroyed tissue and in leaks from the damaged area. Treatment depends on severity; first-degree burns need only first aid; third-degree burns require long-term hospitalization. Depending on the type, extent, and site of the burn, it may be left exposed, covered with a bandage, or excised to remove dead tissue in preparation for skin grafts. Complications of burns include respiratory problems, infection, ulcers in the stomach or duodenum, and, especially in brown skin, thick scarring. Seizures and hypertension after burns occur almost entirely in children. Survivors usually require plastic surgery, long-term physical therapy, and psychotherapy.


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