verb \ˈbrüz\

: to cause a bruise on (part of a person's body, a piece of fruit, etc.)

: to get a bruise

: to hurt (someone's confidence, feelings, etc.) through speech or actions


Full Definition of BRUISE

transitive verb
a archaic :  disable
b :  batter, dent
:  to inflict a bruise on :  contuse
:  to break down (as leaves or berries) by pounding :  crush
:  wound, injure; especially :  to inflict psychological hurt on <a bruised ego>
intransitive verb
:  to inflict a bruise
:  to undergo bruising <her skin bruises easily>

Examples of BRUISE

  1. She bruised her knee when she fell.
  2. I don't want to bruise anyone's feelings.

Origin of BRUISE

Middle English brusen, brisen, from Anglo-French & Old English; Anglo-French bruiser, briser to break, of Celtic origin; akin to Old Irish bruid he shatters; Old English brȳsan to bruise; akin to Old Irish bruid, Latin frustum piece
First Known Use: 14th century



: a dark and painful area on your skin that is caused by an injury

: a dark area on a plant or piece of fruit that has been damaged

Full Definition of BRUISE

a :  an injury involving rupture of small blood vessels and discoloration without a break in the overlying skin :  contusion
b :  a similar injury to plant tissue
:  an injury especially to the feelings

Examples of BRUISE

  1. He had a bad bruise on his leg after he fell.
  2. a bruise on an apple

First Known Use of BRUISE



noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Visible bluish or purplish mark beneath the surface of unbroken skin, indicating burst blood vessels in deeper tissue layers. Bruises are usually caused by a blow or pressure, but they may occur spontaneously in elderly persons. The yellowish hue that becomes visible as a bruise heals comes from the disintegration and gradual absorption of blood.

Variants of BRUISE

bruise or contusion


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