: a disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella: a: a disease of humans of sudden or insidious onset and long duration caused by any of four organisms (Brucella melitensis of goats, B. suis of hogs and rarely cattle, B. abortus of cattle and rarely hogs, and B. canis of dogs), characterized by great weakness, extreme exhaustion on slight effort, night sweats, chills, remittent fever, and generalized aches and pains, and acquired through direct contact with infected animals or animal products or from the consumption of milk, dairy products, or meat from infected animals—called also Malta fever, undulant feverb:contagious abortion
Infectious disease of humans and domestic animals. It is characterized by gradual onset of fever, chills, sweats, weakness, and aches, and it usually ends within six months. It is named after the British physician David Bruce (b. 1855d. 1931), who first identified (1887) the causative bacteria. Three main species in the genus Brucella commonly cause the disease in humans, who contract it from infected animals (goats, sheep, pigs, cattle). Brucellosis is rarely transmitted between humans but spreads rapidly in animals, causing severe economic losses. Drug therapy is not practical for animal brucellosis, but vaccination of young animals is useful. Infected animals must be removed from herds. Antibiotics are effective against acute disease in humans, in whom it can cause liver and heart problems if untreated.
Variants of BRUCELLOSIS
brucellosis or Malta fever or Mediterranean fever or undulant fever