bronchiectasis


bron·chi·ec·ta·sis

noun \ˌbräŋ-kē-ˈek-tə-səs\
plural bron·chi·ec·ta·ses \-ˌsēz\

Definition of BRONCHIECTASIS

:  a chronic dilatation of bronchi or bronchioles

Origin of BRONCHIECTASIS

New Latin, from bronchi- + Greek ektasis extension — more at atelectasis
First Known Use: circa 1860

bron·chi·ec·ta·sis

noun \ˌbräŋ-kē-ˈek-tə-səs\   (Medical Dictionary)
plural bron·chi·ec·ta·ses \-ˌsēz\ also bron·chi·ec·ta·sias \-zh(ē-)əz\

Medical Definition of BRONCHIECTASIS

: a chronic inflammatory or degenerative condition of one or more bronchi or bronchioles marked by dilatation and loss of elasticity of the walls
bron·chi·ec·tat·ic \-ek-ˈtat-ik\ adjective

Variants of BRONCHIECTASIS

bron·chi·ec·ta·sis also bron·chi·ec·ta·sia \-ek-ˈtā-zh(ē-)ə\

bronchiectasis

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Abnormal expansion of bronchi in the lungs. It usually results when preexisting lung disease causes bronchial inflammation and obstruction. Bronchial wall fibres degenerate, and bronchi become dilated or paralyzed, preventing removal of secretions, which stagnate. Infection spreads and intensifies. Evidence of the disease includes presence of infective agents, excess mucous secretions, and, in children, fatigue and growth retardation. Complications include recurrent pneumonia, lung abscesses, spitting up blood, and, in chronic cases, toe and finger clubbing. Treatment involves frequent, long-term drainage or (if the disease is on one side only) surgical removal of affected lung segments and antibiotics.

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