noun \ˈbrä-kə-lē, ˈbrä-klē\

Definition of BROCCOLI

chiefly British :  a large hardy cauliflower
a :  either of two garden vegetable plants closely related to the cabbage: (1) :  one with a thick central stem and a compact head of dense usually green florets that is classified with the cauliflower (2) :  one (Brassica oleracea italica) with slender stems and usually green or purple florets not arranged in a central head
b :  the stems and immature florets of broccoli used as food

Origin of BROCCOLI

Italian, plural of broccolo flowering top of a cabbage, diminutive of brocco small nail, sprout
First Known Use: 1699

Other Food Terms

Reuben, calamari, chuck, curry, edamame, foie gras, hummus, leaven, nonpareil, peel


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Broccoli (Brassica oleracea, variety italica).—G.R. Roberts

Plant (Brassica oleracea, variety italica), form of cabbage of the mustard family. A fast-growing, upright, branched, annual plant, it bears dense green clusters of edible flower buds. Native to the eastern Mediterranean and Asia Minor, it was introduced to the U.S. probably in colonial times. Broccoli thrives in moderate to cool climates. Its flavour resembles that of cabbage but is somewhat milder. It is one of the most broadly nutritious of all common vegetables.


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