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geographical name\ˈbre-shä, ˈbrā-\
Definition of BRESCIA
commune N Italy in E Lombardy ENE of Milan pop 194,697
Variants of BRESCIA
Bre·scia or ancient Brix·ia\ˈbrik-sē-ə\
geographical name(Concise Encyclopedia)
City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 187,865), Lombardy region, northern Italy. Originally a Celtic stronghold, it was occupied by the Romans c. 200 BC and became the seat of a Roman colony in 27 BC. It was devastated by the Goths (AD 412) and plundered by Attila (452). It was a free city from 936 to 1426. It passed to Venice, France, and Austria before being united with Italy in 1860. Historic structures include Roman ruins and 11th- and 17th-century cathedrals. The art treasures in its numerous churches include works by painters of the 15th- and 16th-century Brescia school.