boundary layer


boundary layer

noun

Definition of BOUNDARY LAYER

:  a region of retarded fluid near the surface of a body which moves through a fluid or past which a fluid moves

First Known Use of BOUNDARY LAYER

1921

boundary layer

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

In fluid mechanics, a thin layer of flowing gas or liquid in contact with a surface (e.g., of an airplane wing or the inside of a pipe). The fluid in the boundary layer is subjected to shear forces. A range of velocities is established across the boundary layer, from zero (provided the fluid is in contact with the surface) to maximum. Flow in boundary layers is more easily described mathematically than is flow in the free stream. Boundary layers are thinner at the leading edge of an aircraft wing and thicker toward the trailing edge; such boundary layers generally have laminar flow in the leading (upstream) portion and turbulent flow in the trailing (downstream) portion. See also drag.

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