geographical name \ˌbō-(ˌ)pü-tät-ˈswä-nä\


former group of noncontiguous black enclaves in the Republic of South Africa Mmabatho; granted independence 1977; abolished 1994


   (Concise Encyclopedia)

Former Bantustan, Republic of South Africa. Consisting of a group of noncontiguous black enclaves, it was established by South African authorities as a Bantustan, or “homeland,” for the Tswana people. South Africa declared Bophuthatswana independent in 1977, with its capital at Mmabatho, but its independence was never internationally recognized. In 1994, after the abolition of apartheid, Bophuthatswana was dissolved, and the area was reincorporated into South Africa. Its various enclaves, with a population of more than 2.5 million, became parts of Orange Free State (now Free State) and the newly created North-West and Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga) provinces.


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