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bishop

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noun bish·op \ˈbi-shəp\

Simple Definition of bishop

  • : an official in some Christian religions who is ranked higher than a priest and who is usually in charge of church matters in a specific geographical area

  • : a piece in the game of chess that moves across the board at an angle

Full Definition of bishop

  1. 1 :  one having spiritual or ecclesiastical supervision: as a :  an Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, or Roman Catholic clergyman ranking above a priest, having authority to ordain and confirm, and typically governing a diocese b :  any of various Protestant clerical officials who superintend other clergy c :  a Mormon high priest presiding over a ward or over all other bishops and over the Aaronic priesthood

  2. 2 :  either of two pieces of each color in a set of chessmen having the power to move diagonally across any number of adjoining unoccupied squares

  3. 3 :  mulled port wine flavored with oranges and cloves

Examples of bishop

  1. the Bishop of New York



Origin of bishop

Middle English bisshop, from Old English bisceop, from Late Latin episcopus, from Greek episkopos, literally, overseer, from epi- + skeptesthai to look — more at spy


First Known Use: before 12th century


Bishop

play
biographical name Bish·op \ˈbi-shəp\

Definition of Bishop

  1. Elizabeth 1911–1979 Am. poet




Bishop

biographical name bish·op

Definition of Bishop

  1. John Michael 1936–     Am. microbiologist




BISHOP Defined for Kids

bishop

play
noun bish·op \ˈbi-shəp\

Definition of bishop

  1. 1 :  a member of the clergy of high rank

  2. 2 :  a piece in the game of chess



History for bishop

The original duty of a bishop was to watch over the members of a church as a shepherd watches over a flock. Appropriately, the word bishop comes ultimately from a Greek word, episkopos, that means literally “overseer”: the prefix epi- means “on” or “over,” and the second part -skopos means “watcher.” The pronunciation of the word was changed when it was borrowed from Greek into Latin, and further changed when it was borrowed into Old English. In Old English it was spelled bisceop but probably sounded quite a bit like the modern word bishop.



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