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bilirubin

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noun bil·i·ru·bin \ˌbi-li-ˈrü-bən, ˈbi-li-ˌ\

Definition of bilirubin

  1. :  a reddish-yellow water insoluble pigment occurring especially in bile and blood and causing jaundice if accumulated in excess



Origin of bilirubin

Latin bilis + ruber red — more at red


First Known Use: 1871


Medical Dictionary

bilirubin

play
noun bil·i·ru·bin \ˌbil-i-ˈrü-bən, ˈbil-i-ˌ\

Medical Definition of bilirubin

  1. :  a reddish-yellow, crystalline, water-insoluble pigment C33H36N4O6 that is formed by the breakdown of heme, is excreted in a water-soluble conjugated form by liver cells into bile, and occurs in blood and urine especially in diseased states (such as cirrhosis, gallstones, and hemolytic anemia) <… they may become jaundiced, their skin tinged yellow by the release of the pigment bilirubin from their damaged liver.—Larry Thompson, Discover, March 1994>




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