(born June 19, 1945, Rangoon, Burma) Opposition leader in Myanmar (Burma). Daughter of nationalist leader Aung San, she studied in Burma and India and at the University of Oxford. She lived quietly in Britain until 1988, when she returned to Burma. Moved by the brutality of U Ne Win's military regime, she began a nonviolent struggle for democracy and human rights. The 1990 electoral victory of her National League for Democracy was ignored by Ne Win's government, and she was held under house arrest from 1989 to 1995. She subsequently continued her opposition activities and was subject to varying degrees of government harassment, including more periods of house arrest in 2000–02 and again beginning in 2003. She was awarded the 1991 Nobel Prize for Peace.