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attainder

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noun at·tain·der \ə-ˈtān-dər\

Definition of attainder

  1. 1 :  extinction of the civil rights and capacities of a person upon sentence of death or outlawry usually after a conviction of treason

  2. 2 obsolete :  dishonor



Origin and Etymology of attainder

Middle English attaynder, from Anglo-French ateindre conviction, from infinitive of ateindre


First Known Use: 15th century

Rhymes with attainder


Law Dictionary

attainder

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noun at·tain·der \ə-ˈtān-dər\

Legal Definition of attainder

  1. :  the termination of the civil rights of a person upon a sentence of death or outlawry for treason or a felony — see also bill of attainder at bill 1, corruption of blood



Additional Notes on attainder

In English law up to the nineteenth century, attainder was the harsh consequence of conviction for treason or a felony. It resulted in the forfeiture of the convicted person's property. It also involved corruption of blood, which barred the person from inheriting, retaining, or passing title, rank, or property. A person outlawed lost the right to seek protection under the law. Article III, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution prohibits corruption of blood or forfeiture upon a conviction for treason “except during the life of the person attainted,” and Article I, Section 9 prohibits bills of attainder. Attainder was abolished in England in 1870.

Origin and Etymology of attainder

Anglo-French atteinder, from ateindre to convict, sentence, literally, to reach, attain, ultimately from Latin attingere to reach, from ad to + tangere to touch


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