# arithmetic

## arith·me·tic

*noun*\É™-Ëˆrith-mÉ™-ËŒtik\

: a branch of mathematics that deals with numbers and their addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division

: the act or process of calculating a number

## Full Definition of *ARITHMETIC*

*a*

**:**Â a branch of mathematics that deals usually with the nonnegative real numbers including sometimes the transfinite cardinals and with the application of the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division to them

*b*

**:**Â a treatise on arithmetic

**ar·ith·met·ic**\ËŒer-ith-Ëˆme-tik, ËŒa-rith\ or

**ar·ith·met·i·cal**\-ti-kÉ™l\

*adjective*

**ar·ith·met·i·cal·ly**\-ti-k(É™-)lÄ“\

*adverb*

**arith·me·ti·cian**\É™-ËŒrith-mÉ™-Ëˆti-shÉ™n\

*noun*

## Examples of *ARITHMETIC*

- a software program that will do the
*arithmetic*for you - <I haven't actually done the
*arithmetic*yet, but I suspect we're losing money on the deal.>

## Origin of *ARITHMETIC*

*arsmetrik,*from Anglo-French

*arismatike,*from Latin

*arithmetica,*from Greek

*arithmÄ“tikÄ“,*from feminine of

*arithmÄ“tikos*arithmetical, from

*arithmein*to count, from

*arithmos*number; akin to Old English

*rÄ«m*number, and perhaps to Greek

*arariskein*to fit

## Related to *ARITHMETIC*

- Synonyms
- calculation, calculus, ciphering, computation, figures, figuring, math, mathematics, number crunching, numbers, reckoning

## Other Mathematics and Statistics Terms

## Rhymes with *ARITHMETIC*

## arithmetic

*noun*

*(Concise Encyclopedia)*

Branch of mathematics that deals with the properties of numbers and ways of combining them through addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Initially it dealt only with the counting numbers, but its definition has broadened to include all real numbers. The most important arithmetic properties (where *a* and *b* are real numbers) are the commutative laws of addition and multiplication, *a* + *b* = *b* + *a* and *a**b* = *b**a*; the associative laws of addition and multiplication, *a* + (*b* + *c*) = (*a* + *b*) + *c* and *a*(*b**c*) = (*a**b*)*c*; and the distributive law, which connects addition and multiplication, *a*(*b* + *c*) = *a**b* + *a**c*. These properties include subtraction (addition of a negative number) and division (multiplication by a fraction).

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