noun \ə-ˈra-pə-ˌhō\
plural Arap·a·ho or Arap·a·hos or Arap·a·hoe or Arap·a·hoes

Definition of ARAPAHO

:  a member of an American Indian people of the plains region ranging from Saskatchewan and Manitoba to New Mexico and Texas
:  the Algonquian language of the Arapaho people

Variants of ARAPAHO

Arap·a·ho or Arap·a·hoe \ə-ˈra-pə-ˌhō\

Origin of ARAPAHO

probably from Hidatsa arúpahu Arapaho, or a cognate word in another Siouan language
First Known Use: 1812


noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

North American Plains Indian peoples living mostly in Oklahoma and Wyoming, U.S. They are believed to have once lived in permanent villages in the Eastern Woodlands. Their language is of Algonquian stock. Like other Plains groups, the Arapaho were nomadic, living in tepees and depending on the buffalo for subsistence. They split into northern and southern groups after 1830. They were highly religious and practiced the sun dance. Their social organization included age-graded military societies as well as men's shamanistic societies. They traded with the Mandan and Arikara and were often at war with the Shoshone, Ute, and Pawnee. A southern branch was long allied with the Cheyenne and fought with them against Lt. Col. George Custer at the Little Bighorn in 1876. Arapaho descendants numbered some 15,000 in the early 21st century.


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