Apgar score


Ap·gar score

noun \ˈap-ˌgär-\

Definition of APGAR SCORE

:  an index used to evaluate the condition of a newborn infant based on a rating of 0, 1, or 2 for each of the five characteristics of color, heart rate, response to stimulation of the sole of the foot, muscle tone, and respiration with 10 being a perfect score

Origin of APGAR SCORE

Virginia Apgar †1974 American anesthesiologist
First Known Use: 1959

Ap·gar score

noun \ˈap-ˌgär-ˈskō(ə)r, -ˈsk(ə)r\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of APGAR SCORE

: an index used to evaluate the condition of a newborn infant based on a rating of 0, 1, or 2 for each of the five characteristics of color, heart rate, response to stimulation of the sole of the foot, muscle tone, and respiration with 10 being a perfect score

Biographical Note for APGAR SCORE

Apgar, Virginia (1909–1974), American physician. Apgar began her medical career as an anesthesiologist and was for many years an attending anesthesiologist. As a result of her duties in the hospital delivery room, she developed a concern for the lack of immediate medical attention given the newborn. To rectify the situation she developed the Apgar score as a simple, quick test to determine the need for emergency treatment. The test soon became a standard procedure in hospitals all over the world. Turning to the study of congenital anomalies, Apgar became an authority on teratology and proper prenatal care.

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