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antonym

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noun an·to·nym \ˈan-tə-ˌnim\

Simple Definition of antonym

  • : a word with a meaning that is opposite to the meaning of another word

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of antonym

  1. :  a word of opposite meaning <the usual antonym of good is bad>

antonymic

play \ˌan-tə-ˈni-mik\ adjective

antonymous

play \an-ˈtä-nə-məs\ adjective

antonymy

play \-mē\ noun

Examples of antonym in a sentence

  1. Hot and cold are antonyms.



Some differences between synonyms and antonyms

The English language (and, we may presume, many other languages) has both antonyms and synonyms. There are many more words with synonyms than there are words with antonyms, since many things exist which do not have an opposite (the word sandwich, for instance, may be said to have synonyms in the words hoagie, grinder, submarine, and many other words, but there is no opposite of sandwich). Antonym is also a much more recent addition to English than synonym is; it first appeared in the 1860s, whereas synonym has been used for more than 500 years. Additionally, both nouns have adjectival forms: synonymous and antonymous. Synonymous, which is often used loosely ("She has become synonymous with good taste"), is the more common of the two.

1870

First Known Use of antonym

1870

Other Grammar and Linguistics Terms


ANTONYM Defined for Kids

antonym

play
noun an·to·nym \ˈan-tə-ˌnim\

Definition of antonym for Students

  1. :  a word of opposite meaning <“Hot” and “cold” are antonyms.>




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to lessen in amount, effect, or force

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