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antagonist

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noun an·tag·o·nist \an-ˈta-gə-nist\

Simple Definition of antagonist

  • : a person who opposes another person

Full Definition of antagonist

  1. 1 :  one that contends with or opposes another :  adversary, opponent

  2. 2 :  an agent of physiological antagonism: as a :  a muscle that contracts with and limits the action of an agonist with which it is paired —called also antagonistic muscle b :  a chemical that acts within the body to reduce the physiological activity of another chemical substance (as an opiate); especially :  one that opposes the action on the nervous system of a drug or a substance occurring naturally in the body by combining with and blocking its nervous receptor — compare agonist 2b

Examples of antagonist

  1. They are interested in character first, and in Don, a foul-mouthed psychopath with a hair-trigger temper and buried longings for Gal's wife, they have created a truly scary antagonist. —David Ansen, Newsweek, 18 June 2001

  2. In the 1970s researchers discovered that the actions of estrogen and other hormones can be blocked chemically by drugs called hormone antagonists … —David Plotkin, Atlantic, June 1996

  3. If the new comptroller is a true antagonist of the seamy bond market practices he decried in the campaign, why has he installed as his first deputy the public finance director from the Dinkins administration who was Holtzman's accomplice in each of those deals. —Wayne Barrett, Village Voice, March 1994

  4. As in that film, Kopple not only draws an intimate portrait of the protagonists and antagonists in the strike, but also deftly locates the workers' struggle within a broad context of economic and political forces. —Frank Thompson, Film Comment, January/February 1991

  5. <please name the novel's hero and his antagonist>

  6. <his antagonist in the boxing match>



Origin of antagonist

(see antagonize)


First Known Use: 1575


ANTAGONIST Defined for Kids

antagonist

play
noun an·tag·o·nist \an-ˈta-gə-nəst\

Definition of antagonist

  1. :  a person who is against something or someone else :  opponent




Medical Dictionary

antagonist

play
noun an·tag·o·nist \-nəst\

Medical Definition of antagonist

  1. :  an agent that acts in physiological opposition <contact between a tooth and its antagonist in the opposing jaw>: asa:  a muscle that contracts with and limits the action of an agonist with which it is paired—called also antagonistic muscle; compare agonist 1, synergist 2b:  a chemical that acts within the body to reduce the physiological activity of another chemical substance (as an opiate); especially :  one that opposes the action on the nervous system of a drug or a substance occurring naturally in the body by combining with and blocking its nervous receptor—compare agonist 2





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