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anneal

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verb an·neal \ə-ˈnēl\

Simple Definition of anneal

  • : to heat and then slowly cool (metal, glass, etc.) in order to make it stronger

Full Definition of anneal

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 a :  to heat and then cool (as steel or glass) usually for softening and making less brittle; also :  to cool slowly usually in a furnace b :  to heat and then cool (double-stranded nucleic acid) in order to separate strands and induce combination at lower temperature with complementary strands

  3. 2 :  strengthen, toughen

  4. intransitive verb
  5. :  to be capable of combining with complementary nucleic acid by a process of heating and cooling

Origin of anneal

Middle English anelen to set on fire, from Old English onǣlan, from on + ǣlan to set on fire, burn, from āl fire; akin to Old English ǣled fire, Old Norse eldr


First Known Use: 1664


Medical Dictionary

anneal

play
transitive verb an·neal \ə-ˈnē(ə)l\

Medical Definition of anneal

  1. 1:  to heat and then cool (as steel or glass) usually for softening and making less brittle

  2. 2:  to heat and then cool (double-stranded nucleic acid) in order to separate strands and induce combination at lower temperatures especially with complementary strands

  3. intransitive verb

  4. :  to be capable of combining with complementary nucleic acid by a process of heating and cooling <some bacterial nucleic acid anneals well with eukaryotic DNA>




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