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anergy

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noun an·er·gy \ˈa-(ˌ)nər-jē\

Definition of anergy

  1. :  a condition in which the body fails to react to an antigen



Origin and Etymology of anergy

International Scientific Vocabulary 2a- + -ergy (as in allergy


First Known Use: 1890


Medical Dictionary

anergy

play
noun an·er·gy \ˈan-(ˌ)ər-jē\

Medical Definition of anergy

plural

anergies

  1. :  a condition in which the body's immune system fails to react to an antigen :  immunological hyporesponsiveness <Specific anergy is lack of reactivity to an individual antigen, while generalized (nonspecific) anergy is the inability to react to any antigen.—Harriet Kitzman et al., The Journal of the American Medical Association, 19 Apr. 2000> <By deliberately throwing cells into anergy, researchers also hope to control allergies and certain autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, in which white blood cells attack the body's connective tissue in the joints.—Gina Kolata, The New York Times, 22 Oct. 1991>

anergic

\-jik\play adjective <If the second signal is not provided, the T cell becomes unresponsive (anergic).—Suryaprakash R. Sambhara et al., Science, 7 June 1991> <Patients with AIDS have tended to be anergic (both on skin tests and in vitro) and lymphopenic …—D. Peter Drotman, The Journal of the American Medical Association, 22 July 1983>



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