Dictionary

anacrusis

noun an·a·cru·sis \ˌa-nə-ˈkrü-səs\
plural an·a·cru·ses\-ˌsēz\

Definition of ANACRUSIS

1
:  one or more syllables at the beginning of a line of poetry that are regarded as preliminary to and not a part of the metrical pattern
2
:  upbeat; specifically :  one or more notes or tones preceding the first downbeat of a musical phrase

Origin of ANACRUSIS

New Latin, from Greek anakrousis beginning of a song, from anakrouein to begin a song, from ana- + krouein to strike, beat; akin to Lithuanian kraušyti to strike
First Known Use: 1830

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