amine

3 ENTRIES FOUND:

amine

noun \ə-ˈmēn, ˈa-ˌmēn\

Definition of AMINE

:  any of a class of basic organic compounds derived from ammonia by replacement of hydrogen with one or more monovalent hydrocarbon radicals — compare amide 2

Origin of AMINE

International Scientific Vocabulary, from New Latin ammonia
First Known Use: 1863

amine

noun \ə-ˈmēn, ˈam-ˌēn\   (Medical Dictionary)

Medical Definition of AMINE

: any of a class of organic compounds derived from ammonia by replacement of one, two, or three hydrogen atoms with alkyl groups—see primary amine, secondary amine, tertiary amine

amine

noun    (Concise Encyclopedia)

Any of a class of nitrogen-containing organic compounds derived, either in principle or in practice, from ammonia (NH). Almost all their chemical names end in -ine. Replacement of one, two, or all three of the hydrogen atoms in ammonia with organic groups yields primary, secondary, or tertiary amines, respectively. Addition of a fourth hydrogen with an accompanying positive charge on the nitrogen atom results in a quaternary amine. Naturally occurring amines include alkaloids, present in certain plants; some neurotransmitters, including dopamine and epinephrine; and histamine. Industrially important amines include aniline, ethanolamine, and others, used in making rubber, dyes, pharmaceuticals, and synthetic resins and fibres and in a host of other applications. A nitrogen atom with one or two hydrogens is often referred to as an amino group.

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