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abstention

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noun ab·sten·tion \əb-ˈsten(t)-shən, ab-\

Simple Definition of abstention

  • : the act of choosing not to do or have something

  • : a formal refusal to vote on something

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of abstention

  1. :  the act or practice of abstaining

abstentiousplay \-shəs\ adjective

Examples of abstention in a sentence

  1. There were 10 ayes, 6 nays, and 2 abstentions when the vote was taken.

  2. a high rate of voter abstention



Origin of abstention

Late Latin abstention-, abstentio, from Latin abstinēre


First Known Use: 1521

Rhymes with abstention


Law Dictionary

abstention

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noun ab·sten·tion \əb-ˈsten-chən\

Legal Definition of abstention

  1. :  the staying of the exercise of federal jurisdiction in a case that involves a question of state law or policy which the federal court prefers to have resolved by a state court or agency; also :  the staying of the exercise of federal jurisdiction in a case that involves a proceeding in a court of military justice Burford abstention \ˈbər-fərd-\ :  an abstention grounded on the involvement in the federal case of a challenge to the exercise of a usu. complex state administrative function Colorado River abstention \ˌkä-lə-ˈra-dō-, -ˈrä-\ :  an abstention grounded esp. on the involvement in the federal case of questions of state concern that are also at issue in a parallel case in state court Pullman abstention \ˈpu̇l-mən-\ :  an abstention grounded on the involvement in the federal case of the interpretation of an ambiguously worded state law whose constitutionality would have to be determined by the federal court Editor's note: A party to a case subjected to a Pullman abstention may reserve the right to return to federal court once the state court has resolved the state law question. Pullman abstentions are the most common type of abstention. Thibodaux abstention \ˌtē-bə-ˈdō-\ :  an abstention grounded on the involvement in the federal case of an issue that greatly affects and concerns a state Younger abstention \ˈyəŋ-gər-\ :  an abstention grounded on the plaintiff's invocation of federal jurisdiction for the purpose of restraining an ongoing usu. criminal state proceeding that has been brought in good faith and not for harassment





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