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1

abandon

play
verb aban·don \ə-ˈban-dən\

Simple Definition of abandon

  • : to leave and never return to (someone who needs protection or help)

  • : to leave and never return to (something)

  • : to leave (a place) because of danger

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of abandon

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 a :  to give up to the control or influence of another person or agent b :  to give up with the intent of never again claiming a right or interest in <abandon property>

  3. 2 :  to withdraw from often in the face of danger or encroachment <abandon ship>

  4. 3 :  to withdraw protection, support, or help from <he abandoned his family>

  5. 4 :  to give (oneself) over unrestrainedly

  6. 5 a :  to cease from maintaining, practicing, or using <abandoned their native language> b :  to cease intending or attempting to perform <abandoned the escape>

abandoner

noun

abandonment

play \-dən-mənt\ noun

Examples of abandon in a sentence

  1. They abandoned the car on a back road.

  2. That house was abandoned years ago.

  3. The approaching fire forced hundreds of people to abandon their homes.

  4. The officer refused to abandon his post.

  5. The policy abandons the most vulnerable members of society.

  6. She abandoned the party not long after the election.



Origin and Etymology of abandon

Middle English abandounen, from Anglo-French abanduner, from (mettre) a bandun to hand over, put in someone's control


First Known Use: 14th century

Synonym Discussion of abandon

abandon, desert, forsake mean to leave without intending to return. abandon suggests that the thing or person left may be helpless without protection <abandoned children>. desert implies that the object left may be weakened but not destroyed by one's absence <a deserted town>. forsake suggests an action more likely to bring impoverishment or bereavement to that which is forsaken than its exposure to physical dangers <a forsaken lover>.

synonyms see in addition relinquish


2

abandon

noun aban·don

Simple Definition of abandon

  • : a feeling or attitude of wild or complete freedom

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of abandon

  1. :  a thorough yielding to natural impulses; especially :  enthusiasm, exuberance <with reckless abandon>

Examples of abandon in a sentence

  1. <added spices to the stew with complete abandon>



Did You Know?

The sense of "abandon" defined above is a relative newcomer to the English language, dating from the early 1800s, but the noun itself is about 200 years older, having been first used in the 1600s in the sense of "the act of abandoning." The earlier sense was influenced by the verb "abandon," which was borrowed by Middle English in the 1300s from Anglo-French abandoner. The Anglo-French term in turn came from the phrase (mettre) a bandun, meaning "to hand over" or "put in someone's control." The newer sense has been more directly influenced by French abandon, which means not only "abandonment or surrender," but also "freedom from constraint."

1822

First Known Use of abandon

1822



ABANDON Defined for Kids

1

abandon

play
verb aban·don \ə-ˈban-dən\

Definition of abandon for Students

abandoned

abandoning

  1. 1 :  to leave and never return to :  give up completely <They had to abandon the sinking ship.>

  2. 2 :  to stop having or doing <Never abandon hope.> <… Mr. Popper had abandoned his telephoning … — Richard and Florence Atwater, Mr. Popper's Penguins>

abandonment

\-mənt\ noun



2

abandon

play
noun aban·don

Definition of abandon for Students

  1. :  a feeling of complete freedom <Grandpa drove with reckless abandon.>




Law Dictionary

abandon

transitive verb aban·don

Legal Definition of abandon

  1. 1 :  to give up with the intent of never again asserting or claiming an interest in (a right or property)

  2. 2 :  to disassociate oneself from or forsake in spite of a duty or responsibility to <abandon one's child>

  3. 3 :  to renounce one's obligations and rights under <abandon a contract>

  4. 4 :  to fail purposely to bring to completion or fruition <abandon a crime> <abandon a lawsuit>





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