Definition of Kawasaki disease
: an acute illness of unknown cause that chiefly affects infants and children and is characterized especially by fever, rash, conjunctivitis, inflammation of lips and tongue, and swollen lymph nodes of the neck —called also Kawasaki syndrome
Origin of kawasaki disease
Tomisaku Kawasaki b1925 Japanese pediatrician
First Known Use: 1977
Medical Definition of Kawasaki disease
: an acute febrile disease of unknown cause affecting especially infants and children that is characterized by a reddish macular rash especially on the trunk, conjunctivitis, inflammation of mucous membranes (as of the tongue), erythema of the palms and soles followed by desquamation, edema of the hands and feet, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck <Kawasaki disease affects children of all ethnic backgrounds throughout the world, although susceptibility is shaped by genetic influences. Japanese children have the highest incidence of the disease, with an attack rate that has reached 175 per 100,000 children younger than 5 years …—Jane C. Burns, The New England Journal of Medicine, 15 Feb. 2007>—called also mucocutaneous lymph node disease, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome
Biographical Note for kawasaki disease
Kawasaki \kä-wä-sä-kē\, Tomisaku (flourished 1961), Japanese pediatrician. Kawasaki first discovered mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome in Japanese children in 1961. In 1967 he published his findings based upon 50 case studies, all of which involved Japanese children five years old and younger. Since that original report, however, Kawasaki disease has been observed in other countries and in patients who are considerably older.
Variants of kawasaki disease
Seen and Heard
What made you want to look up Kawasaki disease? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).