Zeno of Citium biographical name
(born c. 335, Citium, Cyprusdied c. 263 BC, Athens) Greek philosopher, founder of Stoicism. He went to Athens c. 312 BC and attended lectures by the Cynics Crates of Thebes (fl. late 4th century BC) and Stilpon of Megara (c. 380–300 BC), as well as lectures at the Academy. He began to teach in the Stoa Poikile (Painted Colonnade), whence the name of his philosophy. His system included logic, epistemology, physics, and ethics. He taught that happiness lies in conforming the will to the divine reason, which governs the universe. In logic and epistemology he was influenced by Antisthenes (c. 445–365 BC) and Diodorus Cronus (fl. 4th century BC), in physics by Heracleitus. Only fragmentary quotations from his many treatises have survived.
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