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(r. 1724–76) King of the Korean Choson dynasty. A reformer, Yongjo reinstated the universal military service tax but then reduced it by half, making up the deficiency with other taxes. He adopted an accounting system and reduced an onerous cloth tax. Yongjo upgraded the status of the offspring of commoners, but his social reforms could not keep up with the speed of societal change.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Yongjo, visit Britannica.com.
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