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River, China. It is the world's third longest river, 3,915 mi (6,300 km) long. Rising in the Tanggula Mountains in west-central China, it flows southeast before turning northeast and then generally east across south-central and east-central China to the East China Sea near Shanghai. It is known as the Jinsha in its upper course. Its chief tributaries are the Yalong, Min, Jialing, Han, and Wu rivers. Several large cities, including Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan, and Chongqing, lie in the river's basin, which is known as the granary of China. Large ships can sail to Wuhan, and smaller vessels can reach Yichang; it becomes harder to navigate above Yichang because of the gorges that occur between Chongqing and Yichang. Work on the Three Gorges Dam projectfirst discussed in the 1920s and promoted in the 1950s by Mao Zedongwas inaugurated in 1993; the dam was completed in 2006. Located west of Yichang, it will enable freighters to navigate 1,400 mi (2,250 km) inland from the East China Sea to Chongqing.
Variants of YANGTZE RIVER
Yangtze River Chinese Chang Jiang or Ch'ang Chiang
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Yangtze River, visit Britannica.com.
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