Xochicalco


Xochicalco

Ancient Toltec city known for its impressive ruins and feathered-serpent pyramid. It is located on several hilltops near Cuernavaca, Morelos state, Mex. Built mainly in the 8th–9th century, it became an important trading centre and religious centre, and it was turned into a defensive stronghold before the Spanish conquest (c. 1520). The main temple pyramid is known for its lower facing of intricately carved stones. The reliefs, which show a strong Mayan influence, portray plumed serpents, priests with elaborate headdresses, squatting warriors, calendar glyphs, and fire symbols.

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