Ancient Toltec city known for its impressive ruins and feathered-serpent pyramid. It is located on several hilltops near Cuernavaca, Morelos state, Mex. Built mainly in the 8th–9th century, it became an important trading centre and religious centre, and it was turned into a defensive stronghold before the Spanish conquest (c. 1520). The main temple pyramid is known for its lower facing of intricately carved stones. The reliefs, which show a strong Mayan influence, portray plumed serpents, priests with elaborate headdresses, squatting warriors, calendar glyphs, and fire symbols.

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on Xochicalco, visit Britannica.com.

Seen & Heard

What made you look up Xochicalco? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.

Get Our Free Apps
Voice Search, Favorites,
Word of the Day, and More
Join Us on FB & Twitter
Get the Word of the Day and More