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Former Hindu kingdom, southern India, south of the Krishna River. Founded in 1336, it became the greatest empire of southern India and for more than two centuries served as a barrier against Muslim raiders from the north. It was an important centre of Hindu culture and Dravidian art. Its downfall began with the defeat at Talikota (1565) by a confederacy of Deccan Muslim sultans; the empire dissolved c. 1614. The kingdom's capital, Vijayanagar, was destroyed in 1565. Its ruined site is located at modern Hampi, in southeastern Karnataka.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Vijayanagar, visit Britannica.com.