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Group of philosophers, scientists, and mathematicians formed in the 1920s that met regularly in Vienna to investigate scientific language and scientific method. It formed around Moritz Schlick (1882–1936), who taught at the University of Vienna; its members included Gustav Bergmann, Philipp Frank, Rudolf Carnap, Kurt Godel, Friedrich Waismann, Otto Neurath, Herbert Feigl, and Victor Kraft. The movement associated with the Circle has been called logical positivism. Its members' work was distinguished by their attention to the form of scientific theories, their formulation of a verifiability principle of meaning, and their espousal of a doctrine of unified science. The group dissolved after the Nazis invaded Austria in 1938.
Variants of VIENNA CIRCLE
Vienna Circle German Wiener Kreis
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Vienna Circle, visit Britannica.com.
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