Victor Emmanuel III biographical name
(born Nov. 11, 1869, Naples, Italydied Dec. 28, 1947, Alexandria, Egypt) King of Italy (1900–46). Son of Umberto I, he came suddenly to the throne on his father's assassination (1900). He accepted a Liberal cabinet and readily agreed to Italy's war against Turkey (1911–12) and entry into World War I. After the war, he failed to prevent the rise of Benito Mussolini and the fascist seizure of power, which turned him into a figurehead sovereign. In 1943, after disastrous Italian military losses and the Allied invasion of Sicily, he had Mussolini arrested and replaced by Pietro Badoglio as premier. In 1944 he relinquished power to his son Umberto and, in an unsuccessful attempt to preserve the monarchy, abdicated in Umberto's favour in 1946 (see Umberto II). When the Italian republic was declared in 1946, father and son went into exile.
Variants of VICTOR EMMANUEL III
Victor Emmanuel III Italian Vittorio Emanuele
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on Victor Emmanuel III, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up Victor Emmanuel III? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.