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Four statues carved as human figures, each 4.6 metres tall; from the Tula Grande archaeological —Juan BarretoAFP/Getty Images
Ancient city in Mexico, the capital of the Toltecs, which flourished in the 9th–12th centuries. Its exact location is uncertain; the archaeological site now designated Tula, near the town of that name in Hidalgo state, has been the choice of historians. The Tula site suggests a city that had a population in the tens of thousands. The major civic centre consists of a plaza bordered by a five-stepped pyramid, two other pyramids, and two ball courts. Tula's art and architecture are strikingly similar to those of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlán, and its artistic themes suggest that the Aztecs' concept of themselves as warrior-priests of the sun god was borrowed directly from Tula.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Tula, visit Britannica.com.