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Muslim people of Senegal and western Mali. Because of extended contacts with the Fulani, the Tukulor speak a dialect of Fula, an Atlantic language of the Niger-Congo family. In the 10th–18th centuries they were dominated by a succession of non-Tukulor groups in the kingdom of Tekrur. About 1850 they established an empire and conquered the Bambara kingdoms of Kaarta and Segu and extended their empire to Timbuktu before it was destroyed by the French in 1890. Today the Tukulor raise livestock, fish, and cultivate millet and sorghum.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Tukulor, visit Britannica.com.
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