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Ancient city in Troas, northwestern Anatolia. It holds an enduring place in both literature and archaeology. In literature, it is well known as the location of the Trojan War. The archaeological site, a huge mound at modern Hisarlik, Tur., on the Menderes (Scamander) River, was first excavated by archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann (1870–90). It consists of nine major layers dating from the early Bronze Age to Roman times (c. 3000 BC–4th century AD). In Greek legend, the city was besieged by the Greeks for 10 years and finally destroyed. Its story is told in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey and in Virgil's Aeneid. Whether the site is the actual city of these works is still debated, but the archaeological evidence indicates that a city (Troy VIIa) was destroyed at that location c. 1260–40 BC and likely was the Homeric Troy. The ruins were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1998.
Variants of TROY
Troy or Ilium
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Troy, visit Britannica.com.