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Area of a cruciform (cross-shaped) church lying at right angles to the principal axis. The bay at which the transept intersects the nave is called the crossing. The nave of a church with a cruciform plan usually extends west from the crossing, the choir and sanctuary east. The arms of the transept are designated by direction, as northern transept and southern transept.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on transept, visit Britannica.com.