thinking


thinking

Action of using one's mind to produce thoughts, or covert symbolic responses to stimuli. Theories of thought and thought processes have concentrated largely on directed thinking, including problem solving. At the beginning of the 20th century, researchers focused on studying mental associations. Theorists of Gestalt psychology in the 1920s and '30s believed the elements of thought to be in the nature of patterns elicited from experience. Today these elements are often regarded as bits of information undergoing processing. See also cognitive psychology, information processing.

Variants of THINKING

thinking or thought

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on thinking, visit Britannica.com.

Seen & Heard

What made you look up thinking? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.