(1794) Revolt in the French Revolution against the Reign of Terror that was initiated on 9 Thermidor (July 27). Weary of the mounting executions (1,300 in June alone), deputies in the National Convention decreed the arrest of Maximilien Robespierre, Louis de Saint-Just, and other members of the Committee of Public Safety. They and others were guillotined, inaugurating a brief White Terror against the radical Jacobin Club. The Directory period followed soon afterward.
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